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|NCT01290939 : Bevacizumab and Lomustine for Recurrent GBM|
|Ages||Min: 18 Years Max: N/A|
Histologically confirmed de novo glioblastoma (primary) with unequivocal first progression
after RT concurrent/adjuvant chemotherapy at least 3 months off the concomitant part of
- Availability of biological material (tumor) for central review processes and
translational research projects (tumor and blood)
- No more than one line of chemotherapy (concurrent and adjuvant temozolomide based
chemotherapy including in combination with another investigational agent is
considered one line of chemotherapy). Chemotherapy must have been completed at least
4 weeks prior to randomization if prior temozolomide
- No current or recent (within 4 weeks before randomization) treatment with another
- No prior treatment with bevacizumab or other VEGF inhibitors or VEGF-Receptor
- No prior treatment with nitrosoureas
- Patient may have been operated for recurrence. If operated:
- residual and measurable disease after surgery is not required but surgery must have
confirmed the recurrence
- a post-surgery MRI should be available within 48 hours following surgery
- Surgery completed at least 2 weeks before randomization and patients should have
- Craniotomy or intracranial biopsy site must be adequately healed free of drainage or
cellulitis, and the underlying cranioplasty must appear intact at the time of
- Study treatment should be initiated > 28 days following the last surgical procedure
(including biopsy, surgical resection, wound revision, or any other major surgery
involving entry into a body cavity)
- For non operated patients recurrent disease must be at least one bi-dimensionally
measurable contrast-enhancing lesion with clearly defined margins by MRI scan, with
minimal diameters of 10 mm, visible on 2 or more axial slices 5 mm apart, based on
MRI scan done within two weeks prior to randomization
- Stable or decreasing dosage of steroids for 7 days prior to the baseline MRI scan.
- Patients who require anti-convulsant therapy must be taking non-enzyme inducing
antiepileptic drugs (non-EIAED). Patients previously on EIAED must be switched to
non-EIAED at least 2 weeks prior to randomization
- No non tumor related surgery or other invasive procedures (major surgical procedure,
open biopsy or significant traumatic injury) within 4 weeks prior to randomization,
or anticipation of the need for major surgery during the course of the study
- No core biopsy or other minor surgical procedure within 7 days prior to
randomization. Placement of a central vascular access device (CVAD) if performed at
least 2 days prior to study treatment administration is allowed
- No radiotherapy within the three months prior to the diagnosis of progression
- No radiotherapy with a dose over 65 Gy, stereotactic radiosurgery or brachytherapy
unless the recurrence is histologically proven No previous other malignancies, except
for any previous malignancy which was treated with curative intent more than 5 years
prior to randomization, and except for adequately controlled limited basal cell
carcinoma of the skin, squamous carcinoma of the skin or carcinoma in situ of the
- Absence of any cardiovascular disorder, including but not limited to:
- No history of myocardial infarction, unstable angina within 6 months prior to
- No "New York Heart Association" (NYHA) Grade II or greater congestive heart failure,
or serious cardiac arrhythmia requiring medication.
- No significant vascular disease (e.g. aortic aneurysm requiring surgical repair or
recent peripheral arterial thrombosis) within 6 months prior to randomization
- No prior history of hypertensive crisis or hypertensive encephalopathy
- No inadequately controlled hypertension (defined as systolic blood pressure >150 mmHg
and/or diastolic blood pressure >100 m Hg)
- Absence of any thrombotic or hemorrhagic event, including but not limited to:
- No evidence of recent hemorrhage on MRI of the brain. However, patients with
clinically asymptomatic presence of hemosiderin depositions, resolving hemorrhagic
changes related to surgery, and presence of punctate hemorrhage in the tumor are
permitted entry into the study
- No history or evidence of inherited bleeding diathesis or coagulopathy with the risk
- No arterial or venous thrombosis ? 6 months prior to randomization
- No history of stroke or TIAs within 6 months prior to randomization
- No history of pulmonary haemorrhage/haemoptysis ? grade 2 according to the NCI-CTCAE
version 4.0 criteria within 1 month prior to randomization
- Absence of current or recent (within 10 days of first dose of bevacizumab) use of
aspirin (> 325 mg/day) or other NSAID with anti-platelet activity or treatment with
dipyramidole, ticlopidine, clopidogrel or cilostaz.
- International normalized ratio (INR) > 1.5 ULN and activated partial thromboplastin
time (aPTT) > 1.5 × the ULN. Use of full-dose anticoagulants is permitted as long as
the INR or aPTT is within therapeutic limits (according to the medical standard in
the institution) and the patient has been on a stable dose of anticoagulants for at
least two weeks before randomization. As per ASCO guidelines, LMWH should be the
- Absence of known hypersensitivity:
- to any part of the bevacizumab or lomustine formulations.
- to Chinese hamster ovary cell products or other recombinant human or humanized
- No underlying or previous conditions that could interfere with treatment, including
but not limited to:
- No history of intracranial abscess within 6 months prior to randomization
- No clinically serious (as judged by the investigator) non-healing wounds, active skin
ulcers or incompletely healed bone fracture.
- No history of active gastroduodenal ulcer(s).
- No history of abdominal fistula as well as non-GI fistula, gastrointestinal
perforation or intra-abdominal abscess within 6 months prior to inclusion.
- No evidence of active infection requiring hospitalization or antibiotics, within 2
weeks prior to randomization.
- No other diseases, interfering with follow up.
- Normal hematological functions: neutrophils ? 1.5 x 109 cells/l, platelets ? 100 x
109 cells/l and Hb ? 6.2 mmol/l (9.9 g/dl).
- Normal liver function: bilirubin < 1.5 x upper limit of the normal range (ULN),
alkaline phosphatase and transaminases (ASAT) < 2.5 x ULN.
- Normal renal function: calculated (Cockcroft-Gault) or measured creatinine clearance
> 30 mL/min; Urine dipstick for proteinuria < 2+. Patients with ? 2+ proteinuria on
dipstick urinalysis at baseline should undergo 24 hours urine collection and must
demonstrate ? 1 g of protein/24 hr.
- Age ? 18 years
- WHO Performance status 0 - 2
- Absence of pregnancy. Women of childbearing potential (WOCBP) must be using an
adequate method of contraception to avoid pregnancy throughout the study and 6 months
beyond stop of treatment in such a manner that the risk of pregnancy is minimized. In
general, the decision for appropriate methods to prevent pregnancy should be
determined by discussions between the investigator and the study subject. WOCBP
include any female who has experienced menarche and who has not undergone successful
surgical sterilization (hysterectomy, bilateral tubal ligation, or bilateral
oophorectomy) or is not postmenopausal. Females should not be breast feeding.
- Post menopause is defined as: amenorrhea ? 12 consecutive months without another
cause or for women with irregular menstrual periods and on hormone replacement
therapy (HRT), a documented serum follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) level > 35
- Women who are using oral contraceptives, other hormonal contraceptives (vaginal
products, skin patches, or implanted or injectable products), or mechanical products
such as an intrauterine device or barrier methods (diaphragm, condoms, spermicide) to
prevent pregnancy, or are practicing abstinence or where their partner is sterile
(e.g., vasectomy) should be considered to be of childbearing potential.
- Women of child bearing potential must have a negative serum or urine pregnancy test
(minimum sensitivity 25 IU/L or equivalent units of HCG) within 72 hours prior to the
start of investigational product.
- Female patients within one year of entering the menopause must agree to use an
effective non-hormonal method of contraception during the treatment period and for at
least 6 months after the last study treatment.
- Males must agree to use an effective method of contraception during the treatment
period and for at least 6 months after the last study treatment.
- Absence of any psychological, familial, sociological or geographical factors
potentially hampering compliance with the study protocol and follow-up schedule; such
conditions should be assessed with the patient before randomization in the trial.
- Before patient randomization and study related procedures (that would not have been
performed as part as standard care), written informed consent must be given according
to ICH/GCP, and national/local regulations. Informed consent should also be given for
biological material to be stored and used for future research on brain tumors.
- Patients with a buffer range from the normal values of +/- 5 % for hematology and +/-
10% for biochemistry are acceptable. A maximum of +/- 2 days for timelines may be
acceptable (one day for post operative MRI).
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