Clinical Trial Details
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NCT03297463 : Radiation Therapy With Combination Immunotherapy for Relapsed/Refractory Metastatic Melanoma
PhasePhase 1/Phase 2
AgesMin: 18 Years Max: 85 Years
Inclusion Criteria:

- Biopsy-proven unresectable, metastatic melanoma refractory to standard immunotherapy
drugs or regimens, including prior treatment with Aldesleukin (IL-2), GM-CSF,
Ipilimumab, Nivolumab, Pembrolizumab, and/or Imlygic (T-VEC).

- Prior clinical trial participation or treatment with molecularly targeted agents (i.e.
Vemurafenib/Cobimetinib, Dabrafenib/Trametinib) or chemotherapy (i.e. Temozolomide,
Dacarbazine, Platinum, or Taxanes) is permitted.

- Must have a minimum of 3 radiographically distinct (>1.5 cm) lesions measurable by
RECIST 1.1 at time of study enrollment (>5 preferred).

- A maximum of 2 metastases per treated organ may be targeted for HD-XRT, but must
be separated by more than 5 cm of normal tissue

- At least 2 non-irradiated lesions are required for systemic response assessments

- Pulmonary metastases: Pulmonary metastasis permissible. Appropriate candidates with
lung lesions may be considered for ablative hypofractionation using SBRT.

- Hepatic metastases: Hepatic metastasis permissible. Appropriate candidates with
metastasis to liver may be considered for ablative hypofractionation using SBRT.

- Brain metastases: Brain metastases may be treated using Gamma Knife Radiosurgery (GKR)
or whole brain radiation therapy (WBRT) per the treating radiation oncologist. Total
radiation dose and number of fractions will be determined by the treating radiation
oncologist based on anatomic and dosing constraints. MRI of the vertebral column is
required for all patients with suspected epidural tumor extension.

- Must have sufficient archival tissue block material (1.5 x 1.5 x 1.5 cm) and/or newly
obtained core or excisional biopsy of tumor tissue; minimum of 2 cores.

- ECOG performance status 0 or 1 (appendix 2)

- Age 18 to 85 years of age; > 85 years of age must be approved by Principal

- Adequate organ function within 14 days of registration (30 days for pulmonary and
cardiac assessments) defined as:

- Hematologic: Leukocytes ? 3,000/mcL, ANC ? 1,000/mcL, Hemoglobin ? 9.0 g/dL,
Platelets ? 120,000/mcL

- Renal: Serum creatinine ? 1.8 mg/dL; for patients with a creatinine > 1.5 mg/dL
or a history of renal dysfunction, an estimated glomerular filtration rate ? 35
mL/min/1.73 m2 is required

- Hepatic: AST, ALT, and alkaline phosphatase ? 10 x upper limit of normal and
total bilirubin ? 2.0 mg/dL Pulmonary: oxygen saturation ?90% on room air;
corrected DLCO and FEV1, ? 50% predicted

- Cardiac: Absence of clinical decompensated congestive heart failure or
uncontrolled arrhythmia; left ventricular ejection fraction (echocardiogram
within 6 months permitted) ? 40%. QTc must be < 450 ms in males and < 470 ms in

- Time from last anti-tumor treatment to first radiation treatment at least 1 week.

- Recovery from previous cancer treatment (? Grade 1 by CTCAE 4.0 criteria) prior to
first radiation treatment

- Women of childbearing potential and males with partners of childbearing potential must
agree to the use of barrier methods of contraception, hormonal contraceptives, or to
abstain from heterosexual activity for the duration of study participation.

- Ability to understand and provide voluntary written informed consent

Exclusion Criteria:

- Pregnant or breast feeding. The agents used in this study have the potential to harm a
fetus. Radiation is a known teratogen. There is insufficient information regarding
potential for fetal harm during immunotherapy at this time. Biological females of
childbearing potential must have a negative serum pregnancy test within 14 days of

- Diagnosis of immunodeficiency

- Concurrent use of high dose steroids; chronic steroid use of < 2 mg dexamethasone or
equivalent per day is permissible

- Concurrent malignancy requiring active treatment, except basal cell carcinoma of the
skin, squamous cell carcinoma of the skin or carcinoma in situ

- Prior organ allograft or allogeneic transplantation

- Autoimmune disease

- Uncontrolled intercurrent or psychiatric illness or social situation that would limit
compliance with study requirements

- Live vaccines within 30 days prior to the first dose of IL-2 and while participating
in the trial. Examples of live vaccines include, but are not limited to, measles,
mumps, rubella, chicken pox, yellow fever, rabies, BCG, and typhoid (oral) vaccine.
Seasonal influenza vaccines for injection are generally killed virus vaccines and are
allowed. However, intranasal influenza vaccines (eg, Flu - Mist®) are live attenuated
vaccines, and are not allowed.
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